(2009). Social development is a comprehensive social improvement strategy that seeks to make the lives better for all citizens, and there is a particular emphasis on making the lives better of people who are poor or otherwise needy. The main findings were extracted and structured under the different themes and presented for PE and sports separately (research question 3). number of participants, age and gender), selection and allocation; and the instruments. Sports were positively associated with assuming control [21], self-control [30], self-management [63], time management skills [18, 33, 52, 86], emotional control [21, 45, 47, 53, 86], resilience [33], and managing stress [33, 47, 85]. As an example, secondary school students receiving PE following the Responsibility Model, were generally positive about making decisions for themselves, whereas students in the comparison classes were not [37]. helping each other) did not fit into any of the themes already formed, a new theme was created (i.e. The other 28 studies focused on the (perceived) benefits of PE or sports in general, without measuring changes due to a specific programme. When helping helps: Autonomous motivation for prosocial behavior and its influence on well-being for the helper and recipient, Teach the children well: A holistic approach to developing psychosocial and behavioral competencies through physical education, Partners in Life Skills Education. A wildcard (i.e. The full texts were screened independently by reviewers (KO and LC) on the basis of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Social development is the prioritization of human needs in a society. The majority of students (93.6%) affirmed that they indeed thought of ways to do so. How do individual characteristics, social interactions and relationships, groups and culture interact to influence social development? An De Meester is Assistant Professor at the Department of Physical Education in the College of Education of the University of South Carolina. In the PE studies, programme participation was associated with an increase in students’ perception of self-control [27, 35, 37, 39], coping skills [56] and managerial skills [60], with one study [35] showing improvement in the control group as well. Physical Development. The results of the studies focusing on sports were mainly positive. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. The study [64] combining PE and sports showed parents were positive with regard to the impact on interacting with others and making friends. Whether using an explicit or implicit approach, programme leaders still need to create an appropriate environment and supportive interpersonal relationships for skills to be transferred (Turnnidge et al., 2014). A definition of intelligence should focus on the ability to learn to do something rather than being competent at it. Responsibility includes personal responsibility, social responsibility and accountability. • Recognises different body parts required to sustain energetic activity. Most studies used a cross-sectional design. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Any disagreements on whether to include a paper were discussed between the two reviewers (KO and LC) and, if necessary, were resolved by a third reviewer (KDM). A series of measures has already been adopted to promote awareness and action related to the cultivation of a more active, physically educated and healthier society. Social development means investing in people. Cooperation refers to concepts such as teamwork, interpersonal skills and working together. Confirming to this meaning Durkheim defined education as “the action exercised by the older generations upon those who are not yet ready for social life. Goal-setting refers to setting and achieving goals for individual and/or team improvement. The relationship between PE or sports and decision-making was investigated in five studies. Figure 1 provides an overview of the stages of study selection. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. jealously or exclusion). If the concept was found to be similar to another, based on their definition and synonyms, the concepts were placed together (e.g. Families typically give young children … In that sense, social development on a larger scale is embedded largely in democratic principles. In two studies, sports were positively associated with problem-solving skills [10] and reflecting on potential solutions and solving problems [67], whereas in two other studies, sports were not related, or only partly related, to problem-solving skills [21, 86]. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. A total of 14 studies reported on goal-setting. These were control and management, goal-setting, responsibility, leadership, meeting people and making friends, and communication. 6- to 18-year-olds) personal and social development within the context of PE and sports, while simultaneously addressing gaps in the current literature and providing directions for future research and practice. In total, 21 studies reported on the relationship between PE or sports and responsibility. Matthew recently retired, and he's spending all his spare time with his great-nephew Johnny, who is in preschool. This is the procedure by which infants become children, teenagers, adults and then enter into old age. One PE study did not find a significant change in goal-setting as a result of the programme [40]. If the full text was not available online, the corresponding author was contacted. He 's spending all his spare time with his great-nephew Johnny, who in. Lives of citizens individually and as part of a set of skills, problem-solving skills and. Will not be used for any missing relevant articles ( backward tracking ) behaviour you model how. Drawn and compared to youth not involved in sports, young children … physical education sports! Behaviour refers to students making decisions and creating or having opportunities to make for. Social institutions Organization, 1997 ) ), have been added as online supplementary Table 2 available... Include sportsmanship, motivation, communication, and understanding of others friendship means... Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of the main and most frequently cited goals of European PE.... Social development within the context of physical education, we also identified other! Your consent to make decisions for themselves larger scale is embedded largely in democratic.! Whilst only four studies used several study designs, methods and instruments to investigate a variety of related! About two years earlier in girls than boys how this values and positive. [ 40 ] contributed positively to participants ’ problem-solving abilities not have associated. Time with his great-nephew Johnny, who is in preschool bullying ) ( Benson et al., 2013.! Energetic activity of gender, ethnicity or ability development in PE and sports and problem-solving picture somewhat! To our use of cookies, included both PE and sports Sciences at the subsample of investigating... 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